Verbmatrix - The Irregular Verbs Webpage

 

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1. Common Anomalies   

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Base Form

Past

Past Participle

 

can

could

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

may

might

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

shall

should

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

will

would

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

must

-----

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

ought

-----

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

be

was/were

been

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

2. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same

let

let

let

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

set

set

set

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shed

shed

shed

Hear pronunciation See definition

spread

spread

spread

Hear pronunciation See definition

put

put

put

Hear pronunciation See definition

cut

cut

cut

Hear pronunciation See definition

shut

shut

shut

Hear pronunciation See definition

burst

burst

burst

Hear pronunciation See definition

hurt

hurt

hurt

Hear pronunciation See definition

cast

cast

cast

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

cost

cost

cost

Hear pronunciation See definition

bid

bid

bid

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

hit

hit

hit

Hear pronunciation See definition

slit

slit

slit

Hear pronunciation See definition

split

split

split

Hear pronunciation See definition

3. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 2, but the Past
and Past Participle also have a regular form

bet

bet/betted

bet/betted

Hear pronunciation See definition

wet

wet/wetted

wet/wetted

Hear pronunciation See definition

sweat

sweat/sweated

sweat/sweated

Hear pronunciation See definition

shred

shred/shredded

shred/shredded

Hear pronunciation See definition

fit

fit/fitted

fit/fitted

Hear pronunciation See definition

knit

knit/knitted

knit/knitted

Hear pronunciation See definition

quit

quit/quitted

quit/quitted

Hear pronunciation See definition

bust

bust/busted

bust/busted

Hear pronunciation See definition

4. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 2, but the Past
and Past Participle have an additional irregular form

shit

shit/shat

shit/shat

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

spit

spit/spat

spit/spat

Hear pronunciation See definition


5. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same

bend

bent

bent

Hear pronunciation See definition

lend

lent

lent

Hear pronunciation See definition

send

sent

sent

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

spend

spent

spent

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

mean

meant

meant

Hear pronunciation See definition

bleed

bled

bled

Hear pronunciation See definition

breed

bred

bred

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

flee

fled

fled

Hear pronunciation See definition

feed

fed

fed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lead

led

led

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

read

read

read

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

creep

crept

crept

Hear pronunciation See definition

keep

kept

kept

Hear pronunciation See definition

sleep

slept

slept

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sweep

swept

swept

Hear pronunciation See definition

weep

wept

wept

Hear pronunciation See definition

leave

left

left

Hear pronunciation See definition

meet

met

met

Hear pronunciation See definition

feel

felt

felt

Hear pronunciation See definition

deal

dealt

dealt

Hear pronunciation See definition

lay

laid

laid

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

make

made

made

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

pay

paid

paid

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

say

said

said

Hear pronunciation See definition

bring

brought

brought

Hear pronunciation See definition

buy

bought

bought

Hear pronunciation See definition

fight

fought

fought

Hear pronunciation See definition

seek

sought

sought

Hear pronunciation See definition

think

thought

thought

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

catch

caught

caught

Hear pronunciation See definition

teach

taught

taught

Hear pronunciation See definition

lose

lost

lost

Hear pronunciation See definition

shoot

shot

shot

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sell

sold

sold

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

tell

told

told

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

bind

bound

bound

Hear pronunciation See definition

find

found

found

Hear pronunciation See definition

grind

ground

ground

Hear pronunciation See definition

wind

wound

wound

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dig

dug

dug

Hear pronunciation See definition

stick

stuck

stuck

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

spin

spun

spun

Hear pronunciation See definition

win

won

won

Hear pronunciation See definition

cling

clung

clung

Hear pronunciation See definition

fling

flung

flung

Hear pronunciation See definition

hang

hung

hung

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

sling

slung

slung

Hear pronunciation See definition

sting

stung

stung

Hear pronunciation See definition

string

strung

strung

Hear pronunciation See definition

swing

swung

swung

Hear pronunciation See definition

wring

wrung

wrung

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

have

had

had

Hear pronunciation See definition

sit

sat

sat

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

build

built

built

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

hear

heard

heard

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

hold

held

held

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shine

shone

shone

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

stand

stood

stood

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

6. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 5, but
the Past and Past Participle also have a regular form

burn

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

Hear pronunciation See definition

learn

learnt/learned

learnt/learned

Hear pronunciation See definition

blend

blent/blended

blent/blended

Hear pronunciation See definition

dream

dreamt/dreamed

dreamt/dreamed

Hear pronunciation See definition

lean

leant/leaned

leant/leaned

Hear pronunciation See definition

leap

leapt/leaped

leapt/leaped

Hear pronunciation See definition

dwell

dwelt/dwelled

dwelt/dwelled

Hear pronunciation See definition

kneel

knelt/kneeled

knelt/kneeled

Hear pronunciation See definition

spell

spelt/spelled

spelt/spelled

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

spill

spilt/spilled

spilt/spilled

Hear pronunciation See definition

spoil

spoilt/spoiled

spoilt/spoiled

Hear pronunciation See definition

plead

pled/pleaded

pled/pleaded

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

speed

sped/speeded

sped/speeded

Hear pronunciation See definition

sneak

snuck/sneaked

snuck/sneaked

Hear pronunciation See definition

slink

slunk/slinked

slunk/slinked

Hear pronunciation See definition

mix

mixt/mixed

mixt/mixed

Hear pronunciation See definition

vex

vext/vexed

vext/vexed

Hear pronunciation See definition

bless

blest/blessed

blest/blessed

Hear pronunciation See definition

clothe

clad/clothed

clad/clothed

Hear pronunciation See definition

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

Hear pronunciation See definition

zinc

zincked/zinced

zincked/zinced

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

7. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 5, but
the Past Participle has an additional irregular form

bite

bit

bit/bitten

Hear pronunciation See definition

hide

hid

hid/hidden

Hear pronunciation See definition

slide

slid

slid/slidden

Hear pronunciation See definition

get

got

got/gotten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

smite

smote

smote/smitten

Hear pronunciation See definition

strike

struck

struck/stricken

Hear pronunciation See definition


8. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are different

begin

began

begun

Hear pronunciation See definition

drink

drank

drunk

Hear pronunciation See definition

ring

rang

rung

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

swim

swam

swum

Hear pronunciation See definition

drive

drove

driven

Hear pronunciation See definition

ride

rode

ridden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

rise

rose

risen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

stride

strode

stridden

Hear pronunciation See definition

write

wrote

written

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

break

broke

broken

Hear pronunciation See definition

choose

chose

chosen

Hear pronunciation See definition

freeze

froze

frozen

Hear pronunciation See definition

speak

spoke

spoken

Hear pronunciation See definition

steal

stole

stolen

Hear pronunciation See definition

weave

wove

woven

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

fly

flew

flown

Hear pronunciation See definition

blow

blew

blown

Hear pronunciation See definition

grow

grew

grown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

know

knew

known

Hear pronunciation See definition

throw

threw

thrown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

draw

drew

drawn

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

forsake

forsook

forsaken

Hear pronunciation See definition

shake

shook

shaken

Hear pronunciation See definition

take

took

taken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

bear

bore

born

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

tear

tore

torn

Hear pronunciation See definition

swear

swore

sworn

Hear pronunciation See definition

wear

wore

worn

Hear pronunciation See definition

bid

bade

bidden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

give

gave

given

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

fall

fell

fallen

Hear pronunciation See definition

eat

ate

eaten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lie

lay

lain

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

slay

slew

slain

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

do

did

done

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

go

went

gone

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

see

saw

seen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

9. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are different, as in Category 8, but the Past and
Past Participle also have a regular form

strive

strove/strived

striven/strived

Hear pronunciation See definition

thrive

throve/thrived

thriven/thrived

Hear pronunciation See definition

wake

woke/waked

woken/waked

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

10. Past is different, Base Form and Past Participle are the same

come

came

come

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

run

ran

run

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

11. Past is regular, Past Participle has an irregular and a regular form

mow

mowed

mown/mowed

Hear pronunciation See definition

show

showed

shown/showed

Hear pronunciation See definition

sew

sewed

sewn/sewed

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

sow

sowed

sown/sowed

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

gnaw

gnawed

gnawn/gnawed

Hear pronunciation See definition

saw

sawed

sawn/sawed

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

prove

proved

proven/proved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shave

shaved

shaven/shaved

Hear pronunciation See definition

swell

swelled

swollen/swelled

Hear pronunciation See definition

shear

sheared

shorn/sheared

Hear pronunciation See definition

strew

strewed

strewn/strewed

Hear pronunciation See definition

12. Past has two irregular forms, Past Participle has only one

sing

sang/sung

sung

Hear pronunciation See definition

sink

sank/sunk

sunk

Hear pronunciation See definition

spring

sprang/sprung

sprung

Hear pronunciation See definition

stink

stank/stunk

stunk

Hear pronunciation See definition

shrink

shrank/shrunk

shrunk/shrunken

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

13. Past has an irregular form and a regular form, Past Participle is regular

bide

bode/bided

bided

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dive

dove/dived

dived

Hear pronunciation See definition

14. Verbs that belong to no other category

beat

beat

beat/beaten

Hear pronunciation See definition

chide

chid/chided

chid/chidden/chided

Hear pronunciation See definition

cleave

cleft/clove/cleaved

cleft/cloven/cleaved

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb



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