Verbmatrix - The Irregular Verbs Webpage

 


Master List > Easy-to-memorize

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Base Form

Past

Past Participle

 

can

could

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

may

might

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

shall

should

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

will

would

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

must

-----

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

ought

-----

-----

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

be

was/were

been

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

2. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same

let

let

let

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

set

set

set

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shed

shed

shed

Hear pronunciation See definition

spread

spread

spread

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

burst

burst

burst

Hear pronunciation See definition

hurt

hurt

hurt

Hear pronunciation See definition

bid

bid

bid

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

hit

hit

hit

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

slit

slit

slit

Hear pronunciation See definition

split

split

split

Hear pronunciation See definition

put

put

put

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

cut

cut

cut

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shut

shut

shut

Hear pronunciation See definition

thrust

thrust

thrust

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

cast

cast

cast

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

cost

cost

cost

Hear pronunciation See definition

3. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 2, but the Past
and Past Participle also have a regular form

bet

bet/betted

bet/betted

Hear pronunciation See definition

wet

wet/wetted

wet/wetted

Hear pronunciation See definition

sweat

sweat/sweated

sweat/sweated

Hear pronunciation See definition

bestead

bestead/besteaded

bestead/besteaded

Hear pronunciation See definition

redd

redd/redded

redd/redded

Hear pronunciation See definition

shred

shred/shredded

shred/shredded

Hear pronunciation See definition

wed

wed/wedded

wed/wedded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

fit

fit/fitted

fit/fitted

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

knit

knit/knitted

knit/knitted

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

quit

quit/quitted

quit/quitted

Hear pronunciation See definition

rid

rid/ridded

rid/ridded

Hear pronunciation See definition

bust

bust/busted

bust/busted

Hear pronunciation See definition

dight

dight/dighted

dight/dighted

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

fraught

fraught/fraughted

fraught/fraughted

Hear pronunciation See definition

potshot

potshot/potshotted

potshot/potshotted

Hear pronunciation See definition

wont

wont/wonted

wont/wonted

Hear pronunciation See definition


4. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 2, but the Past
and Past Participle also have an additional irregular form

shit

shit/shat

shit/shat

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

spit

spit/spat

spit/spat

Hear pronunciation See definition

5. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same

bend

bent

bent

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lend

lent

lent

Hear pronunciation See definition

send

sent

sent

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shend

shent

shent

Hear pronunciation See definition

spend

spent

spent

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

mean

meant

meant

Hear pronunciation See definition

bleed

bled

bled

Hear pronunciation See definition

breed

bred

bred

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

feed

fed

fed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

flee

fled

fled

Hear pronunciation See definition

lead

led

led

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

read

read

read

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

creep

crept

crept

Hear pronunciation See definition

keep

kept

kept

Hear pronunciation See definition

sleep

slept

slept

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sweep

swept

swept

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

weep

wept

wept

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

leave

left

left

Hear pronunciation See definition

meet

met

met

Hear pronunciation See definition

deal

dealt

dealt

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

feel

felt

felt

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lay

laid

laid

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

make

made

made

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

pay

paid

paid

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

say

said

said

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

bring

brought

brought

Hear pronunciation See definition

buy

bought

bought

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

fight

fought

fought

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

seek

sought

sought

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

think

thought

thought

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

catch

caught

caught

Hear pronunciation See definition

teach

taught

taught

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lose

lost

lost

Hear pronunciation See definition

shoot

shot

shot

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sell

sold

sold

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

tell

told

told

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

bind

bound

bound

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

find

found

found

Hear pronunciation See definition

grind

ground

ground

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

wind

wound

wound

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dig

dug

dug

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

stick

stuck

stuck

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

spin

spun

spun

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

win

won

won

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

cling

clung

clung

Hear pronunciation See definition

fling

flung

flung

Hear pronunciation See definition

hang

hung

hung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

sling

slung

slung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sting

stung

stung

Hear pronunciation See definition

string

strung

strung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

swing

swung

swung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

wring

wrung

wrung

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

heave

hove

hove

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

shine

shone

shone

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

have

had

had

Hear pronunciation See definition

sit

sat

sat

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

build

built

built

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

hear

heard

heard

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

hold

held

held

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

stand

stood

stood

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

wit

wist

wist

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

6. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 5, but
the Past and Past Participle also use the regular form

bless

blest/blessed

blest/blessed

Hear pronunciation See definition

dress

drest/dressed

drest/dressed

Hear pronunciation See definition

burn

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

learn

learnt/learned

learnt/learned

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dream

dreamt/dreamed

dreamt/dreamed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lean

leant/leaned

leant/leaned

Hear pronunciation See definition

leap

leapt/leaped

leapt/leaped

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

reave

reft/reaved

reft/reaved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

blend

blent/blended

blent/blended

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

ken

kent/kenned

kent/kenned

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

pen

pent/penned

pent/penned

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

rend

rent/rended

rent/rended

Hear pronunciation See definition

wend

went/wended

went/wended

Hear pronunciation See definition

mix

mixt/mixed

mixt/mixed

Hear pronunciation See definition

vex

vext/vexed

vext/vexed

Hear pronunciation See definition

dwell

dwelt/dwelled

dwelt/dwelled

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

geld

gelt/gelded

gelt/gelded

Hear pronunciation See definition

kneel

knelt/kneeled

knelt/kneeled

Hear pronunciation See definition

smell

smelt/smelled

smelt/smelled

Hear pronunciation See definition

spell

spelt/spelled

spelt/spelled

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

spill

spilt/spilled

spilt/spilled

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

gild

gilt/gilded

gilt/gilded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

gird

girt/girded

girt/girded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

grip

gript/gripped

gript/gripped

Hear pronunciation See definition

skip

skipt/skipped

skipt/skipped

Hear pronunciation See definition

slip

slipt/slipped

slipt/slipped

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

strip

stript/stripped

stript/stripped

Hear pronunciation See definition

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

tine

tint/tined

tint/tined

Hear pronunciation See definition

clap

clapt/clapped

clapt/clapped

Hear pronunciation See definition

rap

rapt/rapped

rapt/rapped

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

wrap

wrapt/wrapped

wrapt/wrapped

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

plead

pled/pleaded

pled/pleaded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

speed

sped/speeded

sped/speeded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dow

dought/dowed

dought/dowed

Hear pronunciation See definition

work

wrought/worked

wrought/worked

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

slink

slunk/slinked

slunk/slinked

Hear pronunciation See definition

sneak

snuck/sneaked

snuck/sneaked

Hear pronunciation See definition

pay

paid/payed

paid/payed

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

stay

staid/stayed

staid/stayed

Hear pronunciation See definition

hoise

hoist/hoised

hoist/hoised

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

hoist

hoist/hoisted

hoist/hoisted

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

carve

carven/carved

carven/carved

Hear pronunciation See definition

clothe

clad/clothed

clad/clothed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

dare

durst/dared

durst/dared

Hear pronunciation See definition

pass

past/passed

past/passed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

spoil

spoilt/spoiled

spoilt/spoiled

Hear pronunciation See definition

stave

stove/staved

stove/staved

Hear pronunciation See definition

toss

tost/tossed

tost/tossed

Hear pronunciation See definition

zinc

zincked/zinced

zincked/zinced

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb


7. Base Form is different, Past and Past Participle are the same, as in Category 5, but
the Past Participle uses an additional irregular form

bite

bit

bit/bitten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

hide

hid

hid/hidden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

slide

slid

slid/slidden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

get

got

got/gotten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

smite

smote

smote/smitten

Hear pronunciation See definition

strike

struck

struck/stricken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

tread

trod

trod/trodden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

8. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are different

drink

drank

drunk

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

gin

gan

gun

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

ring

rang

rung

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

swim

swam

swum

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

drive

drove

driven

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

ride

rode

ridden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

rise

rose

risen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

stride

strode

stridden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

write

wrote

written

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

break

broke

broken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

choose

chose

chosen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

freeze

froze

frozen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

speak

spoke

spoken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

steal

stole

stolen

Hear pronunciation See definition

weave

wove

woven

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

fly

flew

flown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

blow

blew

blown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

grow

grew

grown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

know

knew

known

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

throw

threw

thrown

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

draw

drew

drawn

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

forsake

forsook

forsaken

Hear pronunciation See definition

shake

shook

shaken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

take

took

taken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

bear

bore

born

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

swear

swore

sworn

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

tear

tore

torn

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

wear

wore

worn

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

forlese

forlore

forlorn

Hear pronunciation See definition

bid

bade

bidden

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

give

gave

given

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

eat

ate

eaten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

fall

fell

fallen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

lie

lay

lain

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

slay

slew

slain

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

do

did

done

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

go

went

gone

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

see

saw

seen

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

9. Base Form, Past and Past Participle are different, as in Category 8, but the Past and
Past Participle also have a regular form

shrive

shrove/shrived

shriven/shrived

Hear pronunciation See definition

strive

strove/strived

striven/strived

Hear pronunciation See definition

thrive

throve/thrived

thriven/thrived

Hear pronunciation See definition

writhe

wrothe/writhed

writhen/writhed

Hear pronunciation See definition

quethe

quoth/quethed

quethen/quethed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

help

holp/helped

holpen/helped

Hear pronunciation See definition

reeve

rove/reeved

roven/reeved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

wake

woke/waked

woken/waked

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

fare

fore/fared

faren/fared

Hear pronunciation See definition

seethe

sod/seethed

sodden/seethed

Hear pronunciation See definition

wax

wex/waxed

waxen/waxed

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

10. Past is different, Base Form and Past Participle are the same

come

came

come

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

run

ran

run

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs


11. Past is regular, Past Participle has an irregular and a regular form

hew

hewed

hewn/hewed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shew

shewed

shewn/shewed

Hear pronunciation See definition

strew

strewed

strewn/strewed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

mow

mowed

mown/mowed

Hear pronunciation See definition

show

showed

shown/showed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sew

sewed

sewn/sewed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

sow

sowed

sown/sowed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

lade

laded

laden/laded

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shape

shaped

shapen/shaped

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

grave

graved

graven/graved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

shave

shaved

shaven/shaved

Hear pronunciation See definition

shove

shoved

shoven/shoved

Hear pronunciation See definition

delve

delved

dolven/delved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

melt

melted

molten/melted

Hear pronunciation See definition

swell

swelled

swollen/swelled

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

wreak

wreaked

wroken/wreaked

Hear pronunciation See definition

gnaw

gnawed

gnawn/gnawed

Hear pronunciation See definition

saw

sawed

sawn/sawed

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

prove

proved

proven/proved

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

rive

rived

riven/rived

Hear pronunciation See definition

shear

sheared

shorn/sheared

Hear pronunciation See definition

starve

starved

storven/starved

Hear pronunciation See definition

12. Past has an irregular and a regular form, Past Participle is regular

bide

bode/bided

bided

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

crow

crew/crowed

crowed

Hear pronunciation See definition

dive

dove/dived

dived

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

13. Past uses two irregular forms, Past Participle uses only one

sing

sang/sung

sung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

sink

sank/sunk

sunk

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

spring

sprang/sprung

sprung

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

stink

stank/stunk

stunk

Hear pronunciation See definition

shrink

shrank/shrunk

shrunk/shrunken

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

14. Verbs with more than two possible Pasts and/or Past Participles

chide

chid/chided

chid/chidden/chided

Hear pronunciation See definition

cleave

cleft/clove/cleaved

cleft/cloven/cleaved

Hear pronunciation See definition VerbMatrix - See the footnote of this Irregular Verb

clepe

cleped

clept/yclept/ycleped/cleped

Hear pronunciation See definition

climb

clomb/clomben/climbed

clomb/clomben/climbed

Hear pronunciation See definition

fret

fret/freet/frate/fretted

fretten/fretted

Hear pronunciation See definition

glide

glid/glided

glid/glidden/glided

Hear pronunciation See definition

hight

hight/hot

hight/hote/hoten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

nim

nam/nimmed

num/numb/nomen/nimmed

Hear pronunciation See definition

shoe

shod/shoed

shod/shodden/shoed

Hear pronunciation See definition

swink

swank/swonk/swinkt/
swinked

swunk/swunken/swonken/
swinkt/swinked

Hear pronunciation See definition

15. Verbs that belong to no other category

beat

beat

beat/beaten

Hear pronunciation See definition See corresponding prefixed verbs

blaw

blawed

blawn

Hear pronunciation See definition



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